The Republic of Kosovo is a multi-party parliamentary democracy. The country’s democratic system is based on the principle of division of government institutions and checks and balances among them.
The President is the head of the state and guarantees the functioning of the institutions as set forth by the Constitution of Kosovo and promulgates laws approved by the Assembly. The President leads the foreign policy of the country and acts as the Commander in Chief of the Kosovo Security Force. The President is elected by the Assembly, in secret ballot, by a two thirds majority of all the deputies of the Assembly. The mandate of the President is for five years, with a maximum of two terms.
The Government of Kosovo exercises executive power in accordance with the Constitution and the law. The Government is composed of the Prime-Minister, vice-prime ministers and ministers. After national elections, the candidate for the position of Prime-Minister is proposed by the President to the Assembly, in consultation with the political party or coalition that won the majority required in the Assembly for forming the Government. The Government is considered elected if it gets the majority of the votes of all deputies of the Assembly.
In the Republic of Kosovo the legislative power is exercised by the Assembly. The Assembly comprises of 120 deputies elected by secret ballot. Of these 120 seats, 100 are generally elected, while 10 seats are reserved for the Serbian community, while the other 10 are reserved for the Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian (RAE) community (4), Bosnian community (3), Turkish community (2) and Gorani community (1).
The Kosovar legal system is based on civil law. The judiciary is comprised of basic and appellate courts, the Supreme Court, the Constitutional Court and the Kosovo Judicial Council. Other institutions that monitor the justice system are the Police Inspectorate of Kosovo (PIK), and the Ministry of Justice, which supervises prosecutors.
Kosovo’s foreign policy is oriented towards advancing the international position of Kosovo and the strengthening of international support for the country’s sovereignty. A main priority is Kosovo’s European-Atlantic integration, with Kosovo having recently entered a Stabilisation and Association Agreement with the European Union. Along with the desire to become part of the EU, Kosovo also has the aspiration to join NATO and UN. Currently, Kosovo is campaigning for the membership of the OSCE, Interpol, Europol and different UN institutions. Kosovo is already a member of the IMF, the World Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).