Since its independence in 1991, Macedonia has made significant progress in liberalizing its economy and improving its business environment, but has lagged the Balkan region in attracting foreign investment.
Unemployment has remained consistently high at more than 30% since 2008, but may be overstated based on the existence of an extensive gray market, estimated to be between 20% and 45% of GDP, that is not captured by official statistics. Macedonia’s economy is closely linked to Europe as a customer for exports and source of investment, and has suffered as a result of prolonged weakness in the euro zone.
Macedonia maintained macroeconomic stability through the global financial crisis by conducting prudent monetary policy, which keeps the domestic currency pegged against the euro, and by limiting fiscal deficits. The government has been loosening fiscal policy, however, and the budget deficit expanded to 4.2% of GDP in 2013. Macedonia achieved modest GDP growth in 2013 after a small contraction in 2012; inflation is under control.

Country Macedonia
Area 25,713 km2
Population 2,100,025 (July 2016)
Language (official) Macedonian
GDP (real growth rate) 2.4% (2016 est.)
GDP – composition, by end use: household consumption: 68%
government consumption: 15.7%
investment in fixed capital: 18%
investment in inventories: 12.8%
exports of goods and services: 49.3%
imports of goods and services: -63,8%
(2016 est.)
GDP – composition, by sector of origin: agriculture: 8.4%
industry: 25.2%
services: 66.5%
(2016 est.)
Industries food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, iron, steel, cement, energy, pharmaceuticals, automotive parts
Industrial production growth rate: 3.4% (2016 est.)
Labour force 950,300 (2016 est.)
Unemployment rate 23.1% (2016 est.)
Inflation rate -0.2% (2016 est.)

*Source: TheWorldFactbook

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